Italy (Italian: Italia, officially the Italian Republic; ItalianRepubblica Italiana), is a country located in Southern Europe, that comprises the Po River valley, the Italian Peninsula and the two largest islands in the Mediterranean SeaSicily and Sardinia. It is also called by Italians lo Stivale ("the Boot", due to its boot-like shape), il Bel Paese ("the Beautiful Country") or la Penisola ("the Peninsula" as an antonomasia).

Italy shares its northern alpine boundary with FranceSwitzerlandAustria and Slovenia. The independent countries of San Marino and the Vatican City are enclaves within Italian territory, while Campione d'Italia is an Italian exclave in Switzerland.

Population: 58,883,958 (23rd)
Area: 301,318 kmĀ² (71st) / 116,339 sq mi

* Intro text, area and population information from

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